# References

### Experimental comparisons

TEM turbulence in C-Mod ITB, by Darin Ernst, *et al.*

Comparisons of gyrokinetic simulation results with data from C-Mod
viewgraphs and a paper.

Comparisons of gyrokinetic simulation results with DIII-D data.

Comparisons of gyrofluid simulation results with DIII-D data.

Scalable transport barrier physics (ERS, TFTR).

Edge transport barrier scaling study (JET)

Internal transport barrier scaling study (JET)

Linear microstability during RF-induced H-modes (C-MOD)

Linear microstability of C-MOD pedestal

Overview paper from TFTR, including
gyrokinetic stability analysis with GS2, gyrofluid simulations, IFS-PPPL model, *etc.*

GLF-23 transport model.

Physics of rho/a scaling of transport (TFTR)

IFS-PPPL model,
including ideas of stiff transport, importance of pedestal in H-mode,
explanation of current ramp confinement experiments, origin of L-mode
scaling, and more; based on theory and linear gyrokinetic (GS2) and
nonlinear gyrofluid (Gryffin) simulations.

Physics of isotope effect? (proposed mechanism)
### ETG modes

ETG turbulence: why it *can* be important

ETG turbulence: why it *can* be important (longer version)

ETG turbulence:
when to expect it and initial steps toward a
fundamental theory for nonlinear ETG dynamics.

Formula for ETG linear critical gradient.
### ITG modes

Local limit of global gyrokinetic simulations

Physics of zonal flows in gyrokinetic simulations, including explanation of Dimits shift.

Overview paper (2000 IAEA).

Cyclone benchmark paper (and first appearance of Dimits shift in literature).

Gyrofluid/gyrokinetic benchmarks (from my PhD thesis work)
### Electron-positron instabilities

Curvature-driven instability in electron-positron plasma may
limit confinement in planned antimatter magnetic confinement schemes.
Interestingly, Debye-scale physics stabilizes the instability and leads to
a density limit similar in form to the Brillouin limit.
See initial paper.

### Theory

Observation and explanation of anomalous particle pinch in ITG/TEM turbulence with **passing** electrons moving inward.

Sheared-slab gyrofluid equations, including first discussion of how to treat
adiabatic electron response properly in nonlinear turbulence simulations.

Gyrofluid models of gyrokinetic dynamics.

High performance ST: Attaining neoclassical transport in an ignited ST.
### Original GS2 citations

The history of GS2 is described here.
To credit the principal authors of GS2, papers that make use
of GS2 can cite the following papers. The first describes the
algorithms in Kotschenreuther's original linear version of the code,
and the second paper shows an early application of Dorland's
nonlinear version (and also references the first):
"Comparison of Initial Value and Eigenvalue
Codes for Kinetic Toroidal Plasma Instabilities,"
M. Kotschenreuther, G. Rewoldt, and W.M. Tang, Comp. Phys. Comm. 88,
128 (1995).

"Electron
Temperature Gradient Turbulence", W. Dorland, F. Jenko,
M. Kotschenreuther, and B.N. Rogers, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5579
(2000).

Last updated by Greg Hammett, Oct 07, 2004.

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